Gerunds in English
A gerund is an -ing form of a verb ( eg. SWIMMING ) that is used as a noun rather than as a verb. Because it is used as a noun, it can appear in any sentence position that any noun can occupy.
|Gerund : swimming||Position in sentence|
|Swimming is good exercise.||Subject of the sentence|
|She likes swimming every day.||Direct object of the verb like|
|She's crazy about swimming.||Object of the preposition about|
Many common verbs are followed by gerunds. These verbs may be one-word verbs or two-word verbs ( eg. phrasal verbs ).
|Gerund : swimming||Verb type|
|She investigated swimming with the team.||One-word investigate|
|She looked into swimming with the team.||Two-word look into|
Common verbs followed by gerunds.
In the negative form, the word NOT comes before the gerund.
|Gerund : cycling||Verb form|
|She considered cycling alone.||AFFIRMATIVE|
|She considered not cycling alone.||NEGATIVE|
Many common adjectives (and prepositions) are followed by gerunds. Take note of the preposition that follows each adjective.
|Gerund : joining||Adjective + Preposition|
|She is interested in joining the team.||inetrested in|
|She is excited about joining the team.||excited about|
Common Adjectives Followed By Gerunds
|accustomed to||done with||limited to|
|afraid of||envious of||patient with|
|angry at||excited about||prepared for|
|annoyed with||exposed to||proud of|
|aware of||familiar with||related to|
|bored with||filled with||relevant to|
|capable of||finished with||remembered for|
|commited to||fond of||responsible for|
|concerned about||grateful for||satisfied with|
|connected to||guilty of||scared of|
|content with||innocent of||terrified of|
|convinced of||interested in||tired of|
|crowded with||involved in||upset with|
|dedicated to||jealous of||used to|
|disappointed in||known for||worried about|