A gerund is an -ing form of a verb ( eg. SWIMMING ) that is used as a noun rather than as a verb. Because it is used as a noun, it can appear in any sentence position that any noun can occupy.

Gerund : swimming Position in sentence
Swimming is good exercise.Subject of the sentence
She likes swimming every day.Direct object of the verb like
She's crazy about swimming.Object of the preposition about

  Many common verbs are followed by gerunds. These verbs may be one-word verbs or two-word verbs ( eg. phrasal verbs ).

Gerund : swimming Verb type
She investigated swimming with the team.One-word investigate
She looked into swimming with the team.Two-word look into

  Common verbs followed by gerunds.


  In the negative form, the word NOT comes before the gerund.

Gerund : cycling Verb form
She considered cycling alone.AFFIRMATIVE
She considered not cycling alone.NEGATIVE

  Many common adjectives (and prepositions) are followed by gerunds. Take note of the preposition that follows each adjective.

Gerund : joining Adjective + Preposition
She is interested in joining the team.inetrested in
She is excited about joining the team.excited about

  Common Adjectives Followed By Gerunds

accustomed todone withlimited to
afraid ofenvious ofpatient with
angry atexcited aboutprepared for
annoyed withexposed toproud of
aware offamiliar withrelated to
bored withfilled withrelevant to
capable offinished withremembered for
commited tofond ofresponsible for
concerned aboutgrateful forsatisfied with
connected toguilty ofscared of
content withinnocent ofterrified of
convinced ofinterested intired of
crowded withinvolved inupset with
dedicated tojealous ofused to
disappointed inknown forworried about

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