Meet & Know

handshake

These are two commonly confused words.
So, to meet is to meet somebody for the first time. Somebody introduces you or you meet that person. “Nice to meet you.”

MEET UP WITH: Get together with that person (i.e. hang out, romantic date, business meeting)

RUN INTO SOMEBODY: Meet them on the street without planning (also BUMP INTO)

Know, on the other hand, is when you have a general knowledge about information or if you know somebody, so, you’re familiar with that person, or that place.

COMMON MISTAKE: “I knew that person yesterday” (it should be “I met that person”)

So, for example, “I know Harry very well. I met him at college. I’ve known him for 2 years.”

Getting the message across

The job market for new university graduates might be improving, but employers say there are two crucial skills grads sorely lack — and they both involve something core to almost any workday: writing.
Writing well is a make-or-break skill that can get you noticed. Writing poorly draws attention too, but for all the wrong reasons.
Companies prioritize clear and direct communication and say it is a vital indicator for quality of work.
Social media use has hurt college grads’ ability to communicate professionally. For most, understanding how to develop your writing skills at work is a continuous learning process, with improvement accumulated from experience. Still, university students can, and should, familiarize themselves with professional writing by doing internships or job shadowing. Reading professional magazines and reports is also very useful in learning how to get your message across.

Lay vs. lie

LAY = to place ( someone or something ) down in a flat position.
LAY is a transitive verb and always takes an object
For example, you might lay a book on the table, lay a sweater on the bed, or lay a child in her cot.

LIE = to be in a flat position on a surface.
LIE is an intransitive verb
When you feel tired at the end of the day, you may lie down.
But you can’t lie a book anywhere, and you can’t lay down (no object) at the end of the day.

Confusion arises with the gerund, past and past participle forms of the verbs.

LAY – LAID – LAID – LAYING >>>>>> USE an OBJECT

LIE – LAY – LAIN – LYING* >>>>>> NO OBJECT

*can be confused with the verb LIE meaning to speak falsely or utter untruth knowingly, as with intent to deceive.
LIE – LIED – LIED – LYING

Apostrophes

It’s/Its

Apostrophes should be used to indicate possession, but there is one (confusing) exception to this rule, and that is the word “it”.

“It’s” is only used when a contraction for “it is” or “it has”.

  • It’s raining outside.
  • It’s been an unforgettable day.

“Its” indicates something belonging to something that is neither masculine nor feminine.

  • This cheese has passed its expiration date.
  • This house is more expensive than its neighbours.
  • That book is better than its cover would suggest.

e.g. versus i.e.

“e.g.” and “i.e.” don’t mean the same thing.

The abbreviation e.g.— short for the Latin phrase exempli gratia — means for example. It is different from i.e.— short for the Latin id est – which means that is, namely, or in other words. The two are sometimes mixed up, but other than being abbreviations of Latin phrases, they share no common ground.

E.g. means “for example,” so you use it to introduce an example: I like indoor sports, e.g., badminton and table tennis. Because I used e.g., you know that I have provided a list of examples of indoor sports that I like. It’s not a finite list of all indoor sports I like; it’s just a few examples.

On the other hand, i.e. means “in other words,” so you use it to introduce a further clarification: I like to play indoor sports, i.e., badminton and table tennis. Because I used i.e., which introduces a clarification, you know that these are the only indoor sports that I enjoy.

NEVER USE ex. to give examples. ALWAYS use e.g.

When to use WHETHER or IF……

Whether and if both connect one idea to another in the sentence, but each is used in a different situation.

Are you choosing between two alternatives? Select whether, as in whether or not…

Look at the following examples:

Daniel is not sure whether he should activate his new credit card. (He has two choices — to activate or not to activate.)
Whether I go or stay is completely irrelevant to me. {Two choices — going and staying.)

If, on the other hand, describes a possibility.

Look at the following examples:

Daniel will complete today’s stage if the sunny weather continues. (The sentence talks about the possibility of sunny weather.)

If I have my way, the party will be held outdoor. (The sentence talks about the possibility of my having what I want.)

What’s the difference between idioms and proverbs?

An idiom is a phrase that has a meaning of its own that cannot be understood from the meanings of its individual words.
Here are some examples of idioms:
to be fed up with means to be tired and annoyed with something that has been happening for too long
to rub someone the wrong way means to irritate someone
by the skin of your teeth means that something was successful, but only just barely. “She passed the test by the skin of her teeth” means she almost didn’t pass.

A proverb is a short popular saying that gives advice about how people should behave or that expresses a belief that is generally thought to be true. Here are some examples:
Don’t cry over spilled milk.
Those who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.
A stitch in time saves nine.

Like idioms, proverbs often have a meaning that is greater than the meaning of the individual words put together, but in a different way than idioms. The literal meaning of an idiom usually doesn’t make sense, and idioms can be almost impossible to understand unless you have learned or heard them before.

The literal meaning of a proverb such as “Don’t cry over spilled milk” does makes sense on its own, but it’s not until you apply this meaning to a broader set of situations that you understand the real point of the proverb. For example, “Don’t cry over spilled milk” means “Don’t get upset over something that has already been done. It’s too late to worry about it now, just get on with your life.”

Importance of punctuation.

An English professor wrote the words, “A woman without her man is nothing” on the blackboard and directed the students to punctuate it correctly.

The men wrote: “A woman, without her man, is nothing.”

The women wrote: “A woman: without her, man is nothing.”

Just for a laugh

(* WARNING: Some videos have bad/explicit words. If you are easily offended, or in need of parental guidance, we advise you NOT to watch them.)

Can you read this ?

Take a look at this paragraph. Can you read what it says? All the letters have been jumbled (mixed). Only the first and last letter of each word is in the right place:

I cnduo’t bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan mnid, aocdcrnig to rseecrah at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it dseno’t mttaer in waht oderr the lterets in a wrod are, the olny irpoamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltteer be in the rhgit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it whoutit a pboerlm. Tihs is bucseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey ltteer by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Aaznmig, huh? Yaeh and I awlyas tghhuot slelinpg was ipmorantt! See if yuor fdreins can raed tihs too.

Click below to reveal the correct paragraph.

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