Phrasal VerbTranslationExample Sentence
add upsumarThe waiter added up the bill.
ask (someone) outinvitar a salirSteve asked me out last night.
back offretirarseI would back off if I were you, I don't think Maria likes you.
back (someone) upapoyar, respaldarJohn was with you, he can back you up, right?
back up (something)hacer un copiaDon't forget to back up all your files.
break down (something)dejar de trabajar, estropearse, averiarseOur car broke down while we were driving to the beach.
break down (someone)venirse abajoYesterday was the most stressful day. I broke down and cried when I got home.
break (something) downderribar, desmontarWe had to break down the wall to get to the house.
blow upexplotarThey blew up the building, but luckily nobody was hurt.
break intoforzar la entrada para robarSomeone broke into my apartment while I was away on holidays.
break upsepararse, romperseI can't believe it, Alan broke up with his girlfriend last week!
bring (somebody) upcriar y educarShe was brought up by her grandmother.
bring (something) upsacar, mencionarI hate him. Don't ever bring his name up again!
call backvolver a llamarHe was busy when I called, but he said he would call me back tonight.
call off suspender, cancelarDid you hear? Brenda called off the wedding!
call onpreguntarThe teacher called on me in class to answer the question.
calm downtranquilizarse, calmarseCalm down, everything is going to be ok.
carry onseguir haciendo algoCarry on! You are doing very well.
carry onseguir hablando de algoShe must have loved Spain, she was carrying on about it for days after she returned.
catch upponerse al día, alcanzarCall me, we need to catch up! / Go on. I'll catch up with you later.
check in (to)registrarse (en)What time can we check in to the hotel?
check outpagar y marcharseThey checked out yesterday morning.
check outechar un vistazoLet's check out that new bar.
check uphacer averiguacionesI know you have been sick, so I was calling to check up on you.
cheer upanimar(se) a alguienSarah is depressed; we have to cheer her up.
close downcerrar o terminar una actividadThe kebab shop was closed down last month.
come backregresar, volverWe are coming back next week.
come bypasarse por (visitar)Come by my office and we can talk.
come down withenfermarseMy son came down with the flu last week.
come fromoriginarseHis love of music comes from his father.
count oncontar conDon't worry, you can count on me!
cut back onbajar/recortarWith the crisis we have had to cut back on expenses.
cut offinterrumpirI don't mean to cut you off, but I have to go now.
cut outparar de hacer algoCut it out! Leave your sister alone.
drop by/inpasar (visitar)I was just dropping by/in to say "hi".
drop offllevar a, dejarShe dropped off the kids at school before going to work.
drop outabandonarHe dropped out of school because he was failing all his classes.
end upacabarThere was no food at home so we ended up going out.
fall apart (something)estropearseThe sweater fell apart after so many washings.
fall apart (someone)derrumbarseShe fell apart when she heard the news.
fall behindquedarse atrásHurry up or you will fall behind.
fall outcaerseI think my wallet fell out of my pocket.
fight backdefenderseIf you don't fight back, they will never stop bullying you.
figure outdeterminar (lograr a entender)I can't figure out why this scanner isn't working.
fill in/outrellenarYou must fill in/out the forms completely.
fill upllenarI need to stop at the petrol station and fill up the tank.
find outaveriguarIf the teacher doesn't know the answer, she will find it out.
fit inencajar, integrarseDespite her efforts, she never fit in with the other kids.
get acrosscomunicar una ideaHe tried everything to get his ideas across, but his boss didn't understand.
get along/onllevarse bienI get along/on really well with my sister-in-law.
get arounddesplazarse, circularNews really gets around fast!
get away (1)cogerse un descanso/vacacionesWork has been so stressful, I need to get away!
get away (2)escaparThe thief got away by jumping on the back of a passing lorry.
get away withsalir impuneShe stole my idea, but she won't get away with it.
get backregresar, volverThey got back from Rome last Sunday.
get back atvengarse deI'll get back at her for stealing my idea!
get bysobrevivirWe don't have a lot of money right now, but we'll get by.
get onsubirHe got on the bus for the airport.
get onseguirMy husband and I have separated, but I must get on with my life.
get out ofirse, salir, marcharseIt's too smoky in here, I have to get out of here.
get overrecuperarseI'm so upset, I can't get over failing my test.
get throughsuperar, acabarI'm never going to get through this book with all of these distractions!
get togetherquedar, reunirWe are getting together for dinner tomorrow at 8.
get uplevantarseWhat time did you get up this morning?
give awayregalarThe millionaire gave away all his money just before he died.
give backdevolverCan you give me back my book when you have finished reading it?
give in/upceder, rendirseBe strong! Don't give in to temptation.
give outrepartir, distribuirThey are giving out free samples at the store.
give up (1)rendirseOk, I give up. Show me the answer.
give up (2)abandonarI gave up smoking 3 years ago.
go aheadir delante (seguir)Go ahead, I'll meet you outside the theatre.
go backregresar, volverI would love to go back to England to visit my host family after so many years.
go outsalirLet's go out for a drink.
go out with (someone)salir conI hear Daniel is going out with Noelia.
go overrepasarBefore you submit your thesis, I think we should go over it together.
go through (1)atravesarYou'll need a valid passport to go through the border checkpoint.
go through (2)sufrir, soportarI can't believe what she is going through after her divorce!
grow upcrecer, criarseVincent grew up in Tanzania but now lives in Spain.
hand inpresentar, entregarAll the homework must be handed in on Friday.
hand outrepartir, distribuirThe teacher will hand out the assignments this afternoon.
hang onesperarHang on, I'll see if the boss is in his office.
hang outpasar tiempo conShe usually hangs out with her friends on Saturdays.
hang upcolgar el teléfonoI was so angry I hung up on him.
hold back contenerseShe tried, but she couldn't hold back the tears any longer.
hold onesperarHold on, I'm coming.
hurry updarse prisaHurry up or we will be late.
keep onseguirShe kept on asking me the same questions.
lay (somebody) offdespedir (del trabajo)With the crises, many companies have been forced to lay off some staff.
let (somebody) downdefraudar, decepcionarHe really let me down by not coming to my party.
look forward totener ganas deWe are really looking forward to your visit!
look outprestar atención, tener cuidadoLook out! You almost hit me!
look upbuscar, consultarYou will need to look up some words in the dictionary.
look up to (somebody)admirar a alguienShe's so brave, I have always looked up to her.
make (something) upinventar algoI don't believe you. You're making that up!
make up (somebody)reconciliarseMy parents had an argument last night, but they made up this morning.
pass awaymorirSadly, Nicola's uncle passed away yesterday after a short illness.
pick on (somebody)fastidiar, burlarWhen I was young, my elder brother always picked on me.
put off (1)posponer, atrasarThe concert's been put off until next month because the singer's got a throat infection.
put off (2)dejar de gustar algo/alguienI was really put off by the way he eats with his mouth open.
put onponerseWhy don't you put on your coat?
rely on contar con, confiar enI hope I can rely on you to be discreet.
slow downreducir la velocidadSlow down please, you are driving too fast!
speak uphablar más alto, subir la vozCan you please speak up, I can't hear you.
take after (somebody)parecerse aMany people say that Maria takes after her grandmother.
take oversustituir, hacerse con el controlIf you are tired of driving, I can take over for a while.
take off (1)despegarThe plane will take off in 5 minutes.
take off (2)sacar, quitarIt's good manners to take off your shoes before entering a house in Japan.
take upocupar / empezar una aficiónHe will take up his new position next month. / He has taken up stamp collecting in his free time.
tell (somebody) offechar la bronca, regañarShe told him off after he was late again.
throw outecharThey should throw that man out, he's really drunk.
turn intoconvertirseCaterpillars turn into butterflies.
use upacabar, consumir We have used up all the olive oil.
wait upquedar despierto I was worried and waited up until they got home safe and sound.
walk outabandonar el lugar de trabajoThe workers walked out because they felt that safety wasn't being handled correctly.
wash upfregar utensiliosThe children washed up after lunch.

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